Friday, July 26, 2013

Migration & Relationship to Our Ancestors Beginnings

Migration & Relationship to Our Ancestors Beginnings

Migration Patterns are as interesting as genealogy lineages. They actually can hold the key to resolving some genealogical questions. They definitely can help steer you to the data you may need to look at when a family becomes missing or a person has gone away.

A great visual of the potential routes used, that DNA is tending to prove out.

Out of Africa then migrating across the world. 

Purported to have started about a million years ago, moving out of Africa 80 millennia ago, and spread across Eurasia and to Australia before 40 millennia ago. The Americas migration took place about 20 to 15 millennia ago and then the Pacific Islands around 2 millennia ago.

The Indo-European came at the end of the Neolithic Period.  The language is believed to have originated north of the Black Sea (Ukraine and Southern Russia). Then spreading their language to Anatolia, Europe and Central Asia, (Iran) and South Asia.

I am using languages because it represents peoples.

 These people are implied hunter-gatherers.  Basques owe their language to this early group and the indigenous in the Caucasus region.

 Sami (Laplanders) are genetically different and encompass northern parts of Sweden, Norway, Finland and the Kola Peninsula of Russia.  

Sami  peoples have inhabited the northern regions of Scandinavia for thousands of years.
These peoples were seriously affected by the Ice Age and cut off from others for long period of time (is the theory). They lived along the southern shores of Lake Aaninen  and Lake Ladoga in Russia, reaching the River Utsjoki, modern border between Russia and Norway, as early as 8100 B.C. .  . After this the West European came into their region.

With the basics set, here is a brief up to 1600’s in the USA.

Bronze Age, Late Bronze Age

Maps on the site can assist in understanding their movement.

Africa of today's movements early are depicted on these sites.

400 ethnic groups of Bantu peoples

The Sahara starts drying up and migration pushes peoples into the southern region of Africa. Bringing them to what they have  today as they moved about.

Next was the Early Iron Age, between 12th and 9th centuries B. C. E.,  little is known but major movements were happening.

The Great Migrations Periods

This area covers much for us doing research today and  Y and mt DNA. 

Quickly moving along we are now into an era we can find records for doing research in Europe.  It was called the Medieval Period.  Our ethnicity has a lot to do with this time period and the cultures of today.
Late Middle Ages brought the BLACK DEATH one of the most lethal pandemics in human history struck Europe in 1340's. It reduced the population by 1/3 to ½ across the continent.

Not being eradicated until the beginning of the 19th Century in Europe, but is prevalent even yet in the Americas and other areas.

Early Modern Europe

Major migration within Europe  started: Protestants from Spanish Netherlands to Dutch Republic after 1580's, expelling of Jews  and Moriscos from Spain in the 1590's and the removal of Huguenots from France in the 1680's.

The Serbs were welcomed by the Habsburg Monarchs, also offered land and freedom for service in Habsburg army. The Serbs shared space with the Turks there.  The two greatest migrations took place in 1690 and 1737.

Plantations of Ireland settled with Protestant English colonists during 1560-1690.

Germans were recruited by Catherine the Great of Russia to settle the Volga region in the 1800 century.

As we know the Americas where settled by refugees in search of freedom, the want of land and a different way of life, creating the colonization of the early eastern seaboard region by France, Netherlands, England and Spain.

 Part 1   All Rights Reserved By Susi Pentico

Sources:  The Source, Wiki,  Printed Sources,,  FTDna site permission and as posted in urls.

Part 11 covers USA coming next

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