Thursday, September 19, 2013

Quaker and Mennonite Research

Our Wednesday evening was spent discussing Quaker and Mennonite Research History and Heritage.

 William Penn a person of means brought many Quakers to the Colonies for the development of the
 land. William Penn as we know was from England and worked many deals with the Courts in England.
  Quakers a a religious entity that was a development from a split from previous religion's. They were
mostly found in England, some in other regions but not many. George Fox was the Founder of The Friends.

Sharing a url I used and a clipping regarding some famous Quakers in our past.
I am sure many will be surprised to hear James Dean was a Quaker, or Bonnie Raitt or Joan Baez.
Most of us knew James Michener was.

Most of the people in the group were familiar with Quakers but few had relatives yet found that were Quakers. Quakers were more strict in policy and procedure than Mennonites.

Notable Quakers: William Penn, Betsy Ross, Daniel Boone,  Thomas Paine,  Annie Oakley, Jane Addams, Susan B Anthony, Dolly Madison, James Fenimore Cooper, Walt Whitman, James Michener,
Hannah White Smith, Herbert Hoover, Richard Nixon, Julian Bond, James Dean, Ben Kinglsey, Joan Baez and Bonnie Raitt.

I think many will be surprised that some of the names above were Quaker.

The Quaker people helped develop Pennsylvania and carried their beliefs into their law making, land recordings, and development of the state.  They were a large presence in the community affecting many decisions in the early years.

Urls posted on bottom, for references.


The Mennonite also settled Pennsylvania, both are a form of Antibaptist movement.  One believed in Baptism after 18 the other one did not. But neither believed in Baptism as a small child or infant, the Church's requirements. ie today's Catholic Church.

The were started in Zurich, Switzerland by people unhappy with the Catholic Mass changes in 1525.
Debates were held with Zwingli.

Swiss Brethren, added a Catholic priest named Menno Simons. The movement changed from Antibaptist to Mennonite named for this priest.  1536. He served for 25 years until death.

Another split happened in 1693 forming the Amish Church, which was named after Jakob Ammann, a Swiss Antibaptist.

Mennonites could serve in the wars in non combative situations. Wagon drivers. medical attention and non combative roles.

After Penn started bringing the Quakers the others followed suit and came to Pennsylvania, some in New Jersey and some in Virginia. Maryland was known as a Catholic region.

The groups kept splitting and adding and in 1847 a new district was created and in 1860 another.

1872 to 1901 more schisms 4 dominate groups.

Old Order Mennonites were in Indiana, Ohio, Ontario Canada, Lancaster Co. PA and Rockingham Virginia.

Russian Mennonites that came brought their wheat seed and migrated to Kansas, turning the state of affairs in Kansas into a positive by it becoming grain growing state..

Later the Quaker and Brethren banded together and created a new law to pass in the United States.
They had a strong aversion to violence and serving in the Wars we had.

The Quaker and Mennonites were the ones who got the Conscientious Objector Laws passed during World War 11, allowing them to serve in Civil Public Service camps instead of the military.

Mennonite and Quaker were brought together again when the General Conference and Old Order Mennonites voted to unite the two seminaries. In 2002, the two formally merged, becoming
Mennonite Church USA. The Canadian merger is called Mennonite Church Canada.

Quaker Oats is not an affiliate of the Quakers.
   —It was thought that they did adhere to the values of the Quakers when they made their oats so they could use the term.

Records can be found in many locations: Lancaster County Historical Society,  Mennonite Historical Society, Historical Society of the Cocalico Valley, (Ephrata). Reformed Church  Seminary, Fackenthall Library (Franklin & Marshall College), Vital Records Office, Court House and the various libraries within in the area.

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